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Actual improprieties under this standard include violations of law, court rules, or other specific provisions of this Code. Testimony as a character witness injects the prestige of the judicial office into the proceeding in which the judge testifies and may be perceived as an official testimonial. (1) A judge should be faithful to, and maintain professional competence in, the law and should not be swayed by partisan interests, public clamor, or fear of criticism.
A judge should discourage a party from requiring the judge to testify as a character witness except in unusual circumstances when the demands of justice require. (2) A judge should hear and decide matters assigned, unless disqualified, and should maintain order and decorum in all judicial proceedings.
The purpose of this study was to determine how negative relationship behaviors are structured in the semantic networks of young adults from violent versus nonviolent homes.
Participants included 110 students (72 females and 38 males) from a large Midwestern university who were enrolled in an introductory psychology class.
It may also provide standards of conduct for application in proceedings under the Judicial Councils Reform and Judicial Conduct and Disability Act of 1980 (28 U. Many of the restrictions in the Code are necessarily cast in general terms, and judges may reasonably differ in their interpretation.
Furthermore, the Code is not designed or intended as a basis for civil liability or criminal prosecution.
These findings suggest that relationship-specific semantic networks are associated with both past and current experiences with violence.One interpretation of these findings is that cognitive differences, generated in the family of origin, may serve to perpetuate a cycle of violence in subsequent romantic relationships.The Code of Conduct for United States Judges includes the ethical canons that apply to federal judges and provides guidance on their performance of official duties and engagement in a variety of outside activities.A judge should be sensitive to possible abuse of the prestige of office. If a judge receives an unauthorized ex parte communication bearing on the substance of a matter, the judge should promptly notify the parties of the subject matter of the communication and allow the parties an opportunity to respond, if requested.A judge should not initiate communications to a sentencing judge or a probation or corrections officer but may provide information to such persons in response to a formal request. A judge may: (a) initiate, permit, or consider ex parte communications as authorized by law; (b) when circumstances require it, permit ex parte communication for scheduling, administrative, or emergency purposes, but only if the ex parte communication does not address substantive matters and the judge reasonably believes that no party will gain a procedural, substantive, or tactical advantage as a result of the ex parte communication; (c) obtain the written advice of a disinterested expert on the law, but only after giving advance notice to the parties of the person to be consulted and the subject matter of the advice and affording the parties reasonable opportunity to object and respond to the notice and to the advice received; or (d) with the consent of the parties, confer separately with the parties and their counsel in an effort to mediate or settle pending matters.